The Great Flood
And Evidence of Pre-flood Civilizations
Everyone knows the story of Noah's flood, or has heard about Noah and the great flood. Not everyone is familiar with the evidence that was left behind, giving truth to this ancient story. In almost every religion and culture(if not every), there exists a story about a great catastrophe, a flood. As the story goes: A great deluge as some cultures call it, covered the whole earth and destroyed everything. Only one man and his family escaped by building a huge boat, an ark. In the bible God saw that man was increasing in wickedness (Genesis 6:5) and that the earth was filled with violence because of men (Genesis 6:11-13). This grieved God to a point that He decided to destroy everything on the Earth, Man, women, children, and animals.
There is much evidence of a great flood all over the world. This includes great pre-flood civilizations. The bible doesn't say a whole lot about the civilizations that lived before the flood. Using the bible, and other source we can see that those who lived before the flood were not unintelligent, knuckle dragging cave men. There are still unanswered question and probably always will be until we stand before the Lord. But from what evidence that we do have, we can see that man was highly intelligent from the beginning. They built great empires, they had intelligent forms of writing, they had schools, they forged metal, they used medicine, they played instruments and orchestrated music, they did surgery (even brain surgery), made glasses (eyewear), they made batteries, and they may even have been capable of flight and possibly nuclear war.
Ancient Pre-flood Stories
In almost every culture and religion there is a story told about a great catastrophe, a flood. If a great flood covered the earth, you can be sure of one thing, everyone that was left would talk about it, or record it, and continue passing that story down through the ages to come.
Other than the account given in Genesis, the Babylonian flood story in the epic of Gilgamesh is probably the most renowned. It is found on a seal found at Tell Billa near Nineveh. In the epic of Gilgamesh(the 5th king of the Erech dynasty) Gilgamesh journeys to an island where Utnapishtim (Noah) lives in search for the secret of eternal life which Utnapishtim (Noah) was suppose to possess. In his reply Utnapishtim (Noah) tells him the account of the flood. In brief he tells him:
"The assembly of the gods decided to send a deluge. They said, on the sinner let his sin rest. O man of Shuruppak, build a ship, save your life. Construct it with six stories, each with seven parts. Smear it with bitumen inside and outside. Launch it upon the ocean. Take into the ship seed of life of every kind. I built it. With all that I had I loaded it, with silver, gold, and all living things that I had. I embarked upon the ship with my family and kindred. I closed the door. The appointed time arrived. I observed the appearance of the day. It was terrible. All light was turned to darkness. The rains poured down. The storm raged; like a battle charge on mankind. The boat trembled. The gods wept. I looked out upon the sea. All mankind was turned to clay, like logs floating about. The tempest ceased. The flood was over. The ship grounded on Mt. Nazir. On the seventh day I sent out a dove; it returned. I sent out a swallow; it returned. I sent out a raven; it alighted, it waded about; it croaked; it did not return. I disembarked. I appointed a sacrifice. The gods smelled the sweet savor. They said, let it be done no more. They said, in former times Utnapishtim was a man; now let him be like us immortal; and let him dwell afar off, at the mouth of the rivers. "
In ancient Greek mythology Zeus sees mans wickedness and sends a flood to destroy the bronze age. Deucalion was warned by other gods. Advised by his father Prometheus, Deucalion builds a chest for him and his wife to survive in during the flood. Everyone perishes except for a few that escaped to the tops of high mountains. Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha survive and make it through the flood after the chest comes to rest atop of Mt. Parnassus.
A great flood is mentioned in ancient texts, particularly the Satapatha Brahmana. As it goes, Manu was warned to build a ship because of a coming flood. He was protected by Matsya, avatar of lord Vishnu. The flood destroyed all of the wicked to save the pious, animals and plants.
There are a number of different versions of the "Nuwa" myths. Notice how closely "Nuwa" resembles "Noah". The Nuwa myth is written in the Zun Nanzi. One Myth is that water poured down from the sky because of a fight between two gods that damaged the foundation of the heavens. Nuwa patched it with colored stone, which resembles the rainbow.
Another story held by Chinese tradition is that Fa-He, founder of Chinese civilization, is represented as having escaped from a flood sent because man had rebelled against heaven. He escapes with his wife, 3 sons, and 3 daughters.
The Egyptians had a legend that the gods at one time purified the earth by a great flood. Only a few shepherds escaped in a mountain.
The Druids had a legend that the world had been repopulated from a righteous patriarch who had been saved in a strong ship from a flood sent by the Supreme Being to destroy man for his wickedness.
Polynesians have stories of a flood from which only 8 people escaped in a canoe.
Mexicans have a story in which one man, his wife, and children were saved in a ship from a flood which overwhelmed the earth.
Peruvians have a story in which one man and woman were saved in a box that floated on the flood waters.
American Indians have legends in which 1, 3, or 8 people were saved in a boat above the waters on a high mountain.
In Greenland there is a story that the earth once tilted over, and all men were drowned, except one man and one woman, who repopulated the earth.
Although all of these stories are not exactly the same, one thing does remain true. All of these cultures believe that at one time there was a great flood that came upon the earth. Scientists look for other explanations and speculate on flood stories and find them just that, stories. Their only other option is to believe in God. Some of their theories are as follows:
-Origins of flood myths are believed to have originated from ancient civilizations observing seashells and fish fossils found inland and on the tops of mountains. Observations of these kinds have been recorded by Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, and Chinese.
-Some Geologists believe that great flooding of rivers may have caused stories.
-The Ryan-Pitman theory argues that there was a catastrophic deluge about 5600BC from the Mediterranean sea into the black sea.
-Some flood stories are believed to have derived from coastal flooding or Tsunamis. There has been speculation that flood stories came from a Tsunami that hit the South Aegean Sea and Crete about 1630-1600BC but this is very out of date from many flood stories.
-Some scientists believe that a meteor may have hit in the Indian Ocean about 3000-2800BC and caused inland flooding as well as the Burckle crator.
Physical Evidence for a Flood
If there truly was a flood then there should be physical evidence left behind such as millions of tons of flood sediment, large animal graveyards, and ancient pre-flood civilizations that were destroyed. It just so happens that all of this has been, but it is widely ignored, or scientists have found a way to categorize these finds in a way that we are virtually blind to see them so that we do not "put 2 and 2 together".
The Geological Strata and Polystrate Trees
Fossils can not be carbon dated, because a fossil is a rock (though rocks can be dated), and not actually the organism. So, fossils are categorized by age by using the strata in which they are found. But who says how old a geological strata is? And where did all these "layers" of strata come from? It is all THEORY that was created to help support the categorization of another theory called evolution. Another theory found inside the theory of evolution is, uniformitarianism, and it states: The way everything is occurring today is the way it has always occurred on our planet. So those who accept evolution and the strata theory say:
“Since no more thanan inch of sediment is presently being laid down each year in most non-alluvial areas, therefore no more than this amount could have been deposited yearly in those places in the past.“ And… “Since there are thick sections of rock containing fossils, therefore those rocks and their contents must have required millions of years to be laid down.”
But we find many different layers of strata that appear to have been laid down suddenly. There have even been trees that are found going up through different strata. These are called polystrate trees, and there are whole forests found that are polystrate. In a mine in Tasmania there was found a miner's hat that was fossilized within 50 years. This helps provide evidence that fossils don't take incredibly long periods of time to develop, just a lot of pressure. So to conclude, the observation of polystrate trees show that the many layers of strata appear due to the great flood, rather than over millions and millions of years of uniformitarianistict sediment being laid down. And the fossilized miner's hat shows that fossils may not be as old as scientists say. For more on fossils check our our FOSSIL RECORDS page.
Fossilized Miner's hat
Evidence in Iraq has revealed flood sediment from Shuruppack Modern Tell Fara, Iraq. Uburratum, the 9th preflood king inscribed on the Weld prism ruled over this city. The flood sediment extends as far as Kish. Ruins and other archeological finds are found immediately below the sediment.
At Ur, the city of Abraham, a joint expedition of the University Museum of Pennsylvania and the British Museum, under the leadership of Dr. C. L. Wooley found a great bed of solid water-laid clay 8 feet thick under several strata of human occupation. And immediately below the solid water-laid clay was found the ruins of a city. Dr. Wooley stated that 8 feet of sediment implied a very great depth and a long period of water, that it could not have been put there by any ordinary overflow of rivers, but only by some such vast inundation as the biblical flood account. The civilization underneath the flood layer was so different from that above it that it indicated to Dr. Wooley "a sudden and terrific break in the continuity of history".
At Kish on the east edge of Babylon on a bed of the Euphrates which is now dry, was said, on the tablets, to have been the first city to be re-built after the flood. A joint expedition of the Field museum and Oxford university, led by Dr. Stephen Langdon found a bed of clean water-laid clay in the lower strata of the ruins of Kish. The clay deposit was 5 feet thick. Like the clay deposit in Ur, it indicated a great flood. Underneath this sediment was found an ancient civilization with relics that were of an entirely different culture than those above the strata.
Supposedly the traditional home of the biblical Noah. Fara lies halfway between Babylon and Ur. Dr. Eric Schmidt of the University Museum of Pennsylvania unearthed three cities built atop one another. The first one was contemporary with the 3rd Ur dynasty. the middle city was of early Sumerian. Then there was a layer of deposit which consisted of yellow dirt, a mixture of sand and clay. It was another water-laid sediment of solid earth. Just like the others, there were no relics of human occupation found in it. Immediately underneath were the remains of what appeared to be a city that was hastily evacuated.
In Nineveh there was also another deposit of water-laid clay some 8 ft thick. The pottery above and below the clay deposit was said by Mallowan, director of the British Museum excavations at Nineveh, to differ greatly in culture from each other.
Yes, there is even evidence of the dinosaurs being destroyed by a great flood. There are large "boneyards" of dinosaur fossils piled together, under sediment. If there was a great flood you can be sure that there would be plenty of sediment and mud and rocks pushed around to cover up the dinosaurs. Ten thousand Hadrosaur fossils were found in egg mountain, Montana. Here are a list of other places where dinosaur boneyards are found:
-The Morrison beds in North America
-The Rocky Mountains
Evidence Atop the Mountains
If you look up on top of the mountains, more evidence for a great catastrophic flood can be found. This evidence includes fossils such as whale bones. Fossils are generally found deep in rock layers, not on top of mountains. Mountains are believed to have been formed over millions of years due to the collision of tectonic plates. Many scientists believe that these fossils first formed underwater before the mountain surfaced millions of years ago, but the marine fossils found on these mountains are of modern day "un-evolved" marine animals.
As high as we can climb we find marine fossils. Fossils of fish, shells, and mollusks. A whale's skeleton was found on the top of Mount Sanhorn on the Arctic Coast.
Whale fossils and other marine fossils have been found high up in the Andes mountains 5,000-13,000 feet high.
Similarly other skeletons have been found a mile high on California's coast range.
There are also marine fossils found on the Himalyas.
In the Ural mountains in Russian near the artic ocean, many marine fossils, such as sponges and other microbial boundstones that make up a reef. Also, fish and shelled creatures were wound.
Beartooth Range, Montana
In Beartooth Range, 10,500 feet up, geologist found fish fossils.
The Carpathian mountains house tons of fossils. Fish fossils have been found atop this mountain range that spans 1500km across central and eastern Europe.
So, to conclude, we can see a trend. All across the world, possibly on every mountaintop you can find fossils of marine life. The question is, did it end up there due to a great flood, or due to tectonic plate upheaval? Or is it possibly due to a mixture of both? You decide.
In the desert
In the Atacama desert near Copiapo, Chile in South America many whale fossils are being unearthed atop a desert hill more than half a mile away from the surf. Many of the whales seemed to have died suddenly, and right next to each other, some being only a few meters away. Scientist believe that they died some 2 million years ago, but they have no evidence of what killed them. Much like other marine graveyards that we see where marine life is piled atop one another or die right beside each other suddenly, these events may have been caused by a catastrophic global flood.
Mount St. Helens
Mount St. Helens is an active volcano located 96 miles from Seattle Washington and 50 miles from Portland, Oregon. Mount St. Helens is famous for its catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980. What we are going to examine is not the eruption itself but the outcome of the catastrophe which shows evidence that massive erosion does not take millions of years.
Following the first eruption great erosion took place over the next few years. Stratified layers up to 400 feet thick formed from mudslides and pyroclastic flow. Fine Laminate formed from 1 millimeter to 1 meter high in just a few seconds. On June 12, 1980 a deposit 25 feet in thickness containing upwards 100 thin layers accumulated in just one day. On March 19, 1982 a small eruption melted accumulated snow in the crator and caused mudslides, and waves of water, carving a canyon up to 140 feet deep.
The following quote was taken from a commentary by Ken Ham of AIG that was submitted in May 2000 to a few newspapers in the United States to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the eruption of Mount St. Helens in America’s Pacific Northwest.
"The events associated with the volcano’s explosion accomplished in seconds, hours, or just a few days, geologic work that normally would be interpreted as having taken hundreds or even millions of years. One particular canyon was formed, which has since been named the “Little Grand Canyon.” About 100 feet deep and somewhat wider, it is about 1/40th the scale of the mighty Grand Canyon. This canyon was formed in one day from a mudflow. A newly formed river then flowed through the Canyon formed by the mudflow."
Ancient Pre-flood Civilizations
Amidst the Physical evidence of an actual occurrence of a flood, we can look to those who lived before the flood as evidence. History shows that civilizations started popping up all over the world rather quickly, in places like South America, Egypt, Babylon, India, and China, and around the same time. It was as if some great catastrophe wiped out everything and then we repopulated the earth.
According to our textbooks there is a three age system for categorizing human prehistory. There was a stone age which lasted approximately 3.4 million years, and ended between 4500BC-2000BC. Then there was a bronze age around 3000BC, then the Iron age started around 1200BC-1000BC. The great flood is estimated to have been between 4500BC-3500BC. As soon as Noah came out of the ark, we can be sure that he didn't start forging metals. He probably used stone or what he had available. But after civilization started up again, men quickly started forging metals.
Evolution declares that modern anatomically correct humans have been around for only 200,000 years, and that our "ancestors" in the homo genus go back to about 2.3-2.4 million years ago. How did it take so long for us to start forging metals before the flood, but after the flood, we quickly advanced into an intelligent race of people? Are our history books wrong? Its not that our history books are wrong, its that scientists keep things (artifacts and other important finds) from us because they do not fit into their categorization of the human history of evolution. They call these finds "anomalies". Then they throw them aside hoping that they can categorize them at a later date if their theory permits. So lets look at some of the evidence of ancient metal forging.
Iron pot found in coal
In 1912 a man named Frank Kennard reportedly found an iron pot in a lump of coal while working in a coal mine in Arkansas. The original coal bed was reportedly mid Pennsylvanian age, which means that this artifact was approximately 300,000,000 years old. The report of the account was written at a much later date by the man that had made the find. It reads:
Sulphur Springs, Arkansas
Nov. 27, 1948
While I was working in the Municipal Electric Plant in Thomas, Okla in 1912,
I came upon a solid chunk of coal which was too large to use. I broke it
with a sledge hammer. This iron pot fell from the center, leaving the impression,
or mold of the pot in a piece of the coal. Jim Stull (an employee of the company)
witnessed the breaking of the coal, and saw the pot fall out. I traced the source
of the coal, and found that it came from the Wilburton, Oklahoma Mines.
signed: Frank J. Kennard
Sworn to before me, in Sulphur [sic] Springs, Arkansas, this 27th day of November, 1948.
Jullia L. Eldred N.P. My commission expires May 21, 1951 - Benton Co.
Man-made brass bell
A man-made brass bell with and iron clapper was reportedly found in a lump of coal by a 10 year old boy. On the top of the bell it looks like there is an image of an idol. The lump of coal that contained the bell was mined in Upshur county, West Virginia at a depth that dates this artifact as old as 300 million years if indeed the stratus layers tell the truth about the age of the earth.
In the beginning of the book of Genesis, in chapter 4 we find the story about Cain and Able. Cain kills able and is banished. After being banished, what does Cain do? he began building a city! If he already knew how to build a city, then there must have been other cities in his day. Farther down the line of Cain's descendants is born Jubal, who is "the father of all who play the harp and flute. Musical instrument were quite an early invention. And the one that I really wanted to get to is Tubal-Cain, the son of Lamech and Zillah, who "forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron". According to modern textbooks the iron age didn't come until around 1200BC. Perhaps it wasn't in mass production until 1200BC but we can clearly see that man already knew how to make bronze and iron long before 1200BC.
The Book of Enoch (1 Enoch)
Near the beginning of the book of Enoch, it begins explaining about "the watchers" and when they came down to take women for themselves. They had children that were giants. Those giants were called Nephilim, you can read more on the evidence of Giants here. The book of Enoch explains that this is where we got our knowledge about metal forging, medicines, astrology, alchemy, and so etc. In 1 Enoch 8:1-4 it is written:
Azazel taught humans to make swords, knives, shields, breastplates, and showed them metals of the earth and the art of alchemy, and bracelets and ornaments, the use of antimony and paint, the beautifying of the eyelids, the use of all types of precious stones, and all sorts of dyes. Then wickedness and immorality increased, and they disobeyed, and everything they did was corrupt.
Semjaza taught spell potions, and root cuttings,
Armaros taught the resolving of spell potions,
Baraqijal taught astrology,
Kokable taught the constellations,
Ezeqeel taught the knowledge of the clouds,
Araqiel the signs of the earth,
Shamseil the signs of the sun,
and Sareil the course of the moon.
The Weld Prism
The Weld prism is the first known outline of world history. It was written approximately 2170 BC by a scribe named Nur-Ninsubur. It gives a list of kings from the beginning of the human race (pre-flood kings) up until the scribes own time. It was found a few miles north of ancient Ur (Where Abraham the patriarch came from) at Larsa, modern day Iraq. It lists "10 long-lived kings" the lived before the flood. It lists them long-lived because of the extremely long life that they lived, as does the book the Genesis, but the 10 long lived kings are listed living much longer than people in the book of Genesis. After the tenth king it says that a great flood overthrew the land. But the other important part that I want to get to is where the scribe lists that the 3rd, 5th, and 6th kings reigned. He lists them reigning in a place called "Badgurgurru" which means "City of workers in bronze".
Ruins of Asmar
In 1933 Dr. H. E. Frankfort reportedly discovered an iron sword in the ruins of Asmar. The ruins are found 100 miles northeast of Babylon. The sword dated back to 2700BC, well before the 1200BC iron age timeline. Just to note, other than this bit of information I can find no more evidence of this sword, not even a picture.
The Cities of the 10 long-lived kings
As stated earlier the Weld prism has 10 long-lived kings inscribed on it. Not only does it have the kings but it also lists the cities in which they reigned. 10 kings that reigned in six different cities. Five of these cities have been identified and excavated. Badgurgurru has not been identified but according to what its name means (city of workers in bronze) I think it is safe to say they forged metal. These five are as follows: Eridu, Larsa, Larak, Sippar (Accad), and Shuruppak (Fara). Among those cities are Obeid, Erech, Susa, Tepe Gawra, Ur, Kish, Jemdet Nasr. In every city listed there is evidence of metal use and forging. Many artifacts have been found such as copper axes, copper mirrors, hoes, sickles, and fish hooks. Among these artifacts there have been found painted pottery, flint implements, tools of obsidian (volcanic glass), turquoise vases, implements of stone, flint, quartz, models of boats, an underground kiln and specimens of most beautiful vitrified pottery, cosmetics which pre-historic women used for darkening their eyebrows and eyelids, brick ruins of temples painted red or covered with plaster, pottery artistically painted in intricate geometric patterns and figures of birds, even a chariot, and architectural accomplishments that indicate an astonishingly advanced civilization.