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 There is not a lot said about The Devil (Satan) in the bible. There are, however, many instances where the Devil is mentioned. From these few scriptures we can begin to understand the Devil's character, and some of his motives. In this world we are not only tested by God, but Satan also accuses and tests us. He tempts us to fall away from the Lord. In your walk with the Lord it is important that you understand how the Devil works so that you can discover the traps that he lays for you. If you are caught off guard and are not prepared, you may stumble and fall away from God into a life full of sin. The Devil is not like us, he is very clever beyond our understanding without the help of the Lord, and his traps are carefully thought out. Just as the Lord can use your emotions to sway you in the right direction, the Devil can use your emotions or desires to sway you in the wrong direction. But the Lord is much wiser, if you remain in him and listen to him, you will discover the traps set for you, and you will not stumble or fall.
The Devil is given many names. Devil is derived from the Greek word "diablos" meaning slanderer or accuser. The most common names associated with the devil are Satan and Lucifer. The Devil is also associated with other Demonic names such as Beelzebub, the prince of demons, the name by which Jewish leaders accused Jesus of casting out demons. In Demonology, even in ancient times, each demon is given its own characteristic. Beelzebub means "Lord of the flies". It is derived from Baal-zebul, the chief Canaanite or Phoenician god. Beelzebub is portrayed as a large fly, or a monster with huge nostrils, horns, bat wings, duck feet, a lions tail, and covered with thick black hair. In Demonology Satan is the name used for the personification of all evil. He is the head of all demons. Demons are also referred to as "satans". Satan is not always used as the correct term for the devil. Sometimes it is used meaning "demon". The word "Satan" in Hebrew means adversary. Satanael is another name given to Satan (the Devil) by a 15th century Gnostic sect called Bogomillism. According to Bogomillism Satanael was the oldest of God's two sons. The Christ, or Michael the archangel, was the younger of the two. As the story goes, after Satanael rebelled he was given the new name Satan, losing the -ael at the end of his name. Satanail is another pre-name for Satan that comes from 2 Enoch. Satanail was the leader of the watchers, a group of angels that was cast out of heaven for taking human women for their own, and for leading humans astray by teaching them magic, war, alchemy, etc. In 2 Enoch it is written:
But one under the order of the archangels deviated,
together with the division that was under his authority.
He thought up the impossible idea that he might place his
throne higher in the clouds which are above the earth,
and that he might become equal to my power.
And I hurled him from out of the height,
together with his angels. And he was flying around in the air,
ceaselessly, above the bottomless.
Lucifer is Latin, meaning "light bringer" or "morning star". Lucifer is associated with Venus, also called the morning star. Lucifer was not commonly used as the name for the Devil, or Satan. Jesus was given the title light bearer, or morning star, and he was associated with the name Lucifer by the early church. It was not until the 2nd and 3rd century that the early church father Origen associated the name Lucifer with Satan, and the Devil. The Latin vulgate, Jerome's translation, made Lucifer the chief fallen angel, probably because of the translation of morning star to Lucifer in Isaiah 14:12-15. By the middle ages, Lucifer and Satan were used as names for the Devil. Isaiah 14:12-15 parallels the passage in 2 Enoch (above) which speaks about a fallen archangel called Satanail, a name that Satan may have derived from. In magical lore Satan and Lucifer are two different beings. Lucifer is portrayed as emperor of Hell and ranks above Satan. He appears as a child.
Isaiah 14:12-15
How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star (also translated "Lucifer" in Latin), son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! 13 You said in your heart, "I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. 14 I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High." 15 But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit.
(Satan tried to become like God, or actually take God's place by waging war against him. But instead he was cast down into "the pit". This is originally a prophecy concerning Babylon, but is also interpreted as the fall of Satan. This is also where the name Lucifer became another name for the Devil.)
Matthew 12:24-28
24 But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, "It is only by Beelzebub, the prince of demons that this fellow drives out demons." 25 Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. 26 If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand? 27 And if I drive out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. 28 But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you."
(Beelzebub is derived from Baal-zebul, a Canaanite Idol. Beelzebub means "lord of the flies". Beelzebub was a feared and formidable demon since the earliest accounts of him. He takes part as a demon in a story in a pseudepigraphical text of Solomon, and also in the apocryphal gospel of Nicodemous.)

John 8:44
44 You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father's desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language; for he is a liar and the father of lies.
(Satan is called a murderer and a liar. You can be sure that the Devil is behind all evil that is done in the world. He takes part in provoking the heart or man to turn away from God and to do evil.)
John 12:31-32
31 Now is the time for judgment on this world, now the prince of this world will be driven out. 32 But I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself.
(Jesus calls Satan the "prince of this world". Although Satan has been cast out of God's presence, he still has some kind of God given authority over the world. Because Christ died for sin, Satan has no authority over God's children that are in Christ.) 

John 13:2 & 27
2 The evening meal was being served, and the devil had already prompted Judas Iscariot, Son of Simon, to betray Jesus.
27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. "What you are about to do, do quickly," Jesus told him.
(Judas became a pawn of Satan. He gave into his desires, and his lust for money. Satan used Judas and is one partially responsible for shedding the Lord's blood. Satan may have believed that if he could get rid of Jesus, that the Lord's kingdom would not come on earth. But Jesus' death was God's plan all along.)
John 14:30
30 I will not speak with you much longer, for the prince of this world is coming. He has no hold on me,-
Luke 4:1-13
1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned form the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the desert, 2 where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry. 3 The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread." 4 Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man does not live on bread alone.'" 5 The devil led him up to a high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. 6 And he said to him, "I will give you all their authority and splendor, for it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to. 7 So if you worship me, It will all be yours." 8 Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'" 9 The devil led him to Jerusalem and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, "throw yourself down from here. 10 For it is written: "He will command his angels concerning you to guard you carefully; 11 they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.'" 12 Jesus answered, "It says: 'Do not put the Lord God to the test.'" 13 When the devil had finished all this tempting, he left him until an opportune time.
(The devil tempted Jesus, because he knew who he was. Of course it did not work, and because the Christ suffered temptation he is there to help us in our temptations. God is perfect and cannot be tempted. Because he was a human, he had human emotions, and he could also feel and suffer the pressure of temptation that each and everyone of us feels.)

1 Corinthians 5:1-5
1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that does not occur even among pagans: A man has his father's wife. 2 And you are proud! Shouldn't you rather have been filled with grief and have put out of your fellowship the man who did this? 3 Even though I am not physically present, I am with you in spirit. And I have already passed judgment on the one who did this, just as if I were present. 4 When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, 5 hand this man over to Satan, so that the sinful nature may be destroyed and his spirit saved on the day of the Lord.
(The Lord can also hand a man over to his desires, using Satan as a form of punishment. This will spiritually destroy a man and bring him to a rock bottom, if he does not turn to God beforehand. Eventually any man with common sense will return to the Lord and seek forgiveness after Satan has had his way with him/her.)

2 Corinthians 4:3-4
3 And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. 4 The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
(Satan works to blind those who don't believe in God. If someone fallows a path down false religion, satanism, atheism,  agnosticism, scientology, Islam, etc; Satan feeds that person and continues leading them down a path that seems to lead to truth, but in the end no true answers are found.)
2 Corinthians 11:13-15
13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. 14 and no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. 15 It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.
(Satan also tries to work inside the church by using false prophets, apostles, and believers. Hypocrisy and Heresy is part of Satans plan. Not only does it destroy the believer, but it also turns unbelievers, and new believers away from Christ, and from the Church. Satan first battled the chruch with great persecution soon after it was formed. After the church's great triumph over Satan's persecution, Satan began attcking the church from the inside, causing divisions. Even today there are great divisions thoughout the church, as many can see that there are many denominations that stem away from the true branch. Many but not all are formed out of dispute or false doctrine.)

Ephesians 2:1-2
1 As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, 2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.
(the "ruler of the kingdom of the air" is Satan. He is a spirit. All angels are spiritual beings. Satan is also aspirit, and he attacks us through persuasion of the mind. Our mind is influenced easily by our emotions. We can be steered in certain directions through our emotions.)
 Hebrews 2:14-15
14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death-that is, the devil- 15  and free those who all thier lives were in slavery by their fear of death.
(Satan uses fear to control people. But when you trust in God, in Christ, fear is turned into peace, and death has no hold over you.)

1 Peter 5:8-9
8 Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. 9 Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that our brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.
( Lions use intimidation to scare off enemies. They roar loudly to cause fear, and once fear overcomes an enemy they quickly fall.)

Revelation 2:10
10 Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life.
(The Devil tests us, and God allows it. If we are true in Christ, then it will only make us stronger, and bring us closer to the Lord. We are refined in the fire.)
Revelation 12:7-9
7 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. 8 But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. 9 The great dragon was hurled down-that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to earth, and his angels with him.
(Satan's fall is also interpreted in Isaiah 14:12-15. An account is given in 2 Enoch that parallels Isaiah. Michael the archangel is believed to be Jesus the Christ before he came to Earth in Bogomillism and by Jehovahs witnesses. There may be other denominations and sects that believe in this type of doctrine but no canoncial scripture points to such belief.)